Anonymous, 2012. Design, construction and maintenance guide for river groynes. Presidential Strategic Planning and Control Directorate. (In Farsi)
Baser H, Ardeshir A and Karami H, 2011. Numerical modeling of spur dike length on flow pattern characteristics. Sixth National Congress on Civil Engineering. May 6th and 7th. Semnan University. (In Farsi)
Hosseinzadeh Tabrizi H, vaghefi, M and ghodsian, M, 2015. Effect of Froude Number on flow pattern and scouring around series in direct and submerged mode. Journal of Modares Civil Engineering 14(3): 71-82. (In Farsi)
Khosravi Nia P, A Hosseinzadeh Dalir A, Farsadizadeh D and Fakheri-Fard A, 2011. Effect of collar on scour reduction around abutments. Water and Soil Science-University of Tabriz 21(1):15-28. (In Farsi)
Mansouri, B, and Hossainzadeh Dalir A and Farsadizadeh D, 2014. Experimental study of shape of spur dikes in series to control scour in river bends. Water and Soil Science-University of Tabriz 26(1):69-81. (In Farsi)
Mehrnehad, A and Ghodsian, M, 2013. Experimental investigation of the effect of spur dike length and diameter of materials on scouring around T-shaped dikes arranged at 90 degrees bend. Iranian Water Resources Research 8(2): 9-71. (In Farsi)
Mirpangeji S, Naseri M and Mousavi Jahromi, H, 2013. Investigation of length of spur dike on river erosion using numerical model and comparison with the results of the laboratory model. First National Conference on Water and Pollution, Tehran Institute of Water Research. (In Farsi)
Moradpour M, Farsadi Zadeh D, Hosseinzadeh Delir A and Arvanaghi, H, 2013. Experimental investigation of scour around semi-circular groynes, 9th International River Engineering Conference, Ahvaz, Shahid Chamran University. (In Farsi)
Petersen, M. S. (1986). River Engineering, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
Sadat Mousavi B, Sanei M, Salajeghah A and Motamed Vaziri B, 2010. Experimental investigation of Groyne length effect on river bank erosion reduction. Journal of Watershed Management Sciences and Engineering 4(12):65-68. (In Farsi)
Tominaga A and Jaehun J, 2008. Flow structure and sediment transport around groynes in compound open channels. The 8th International Conference on Hydro-Science and Engineering. September, Nagoya, Japan.
Xiufang Z, Pingyi W and Chengyu Y, 2012. Experimental study on flow turbulence distribution around a spur dike with different structure, International Conference on Modern Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China, pp. 72-775.
Yebaehpour, A, and Kashefipoor S M, 2015. Investigation of the effect of groynes infiltration on the scour hole Dimensions Water and Soil Science-University of Tabriz 24(3):27-40. (In Farsi)