اثر متقابل کادمیم و روی بر رشد و ترکیب شیمیایی کلزا (Brassica napus cv. Hyola) در یک خاک شن لومی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق دکتری علوم خاک، گروه علوم و مهندسی خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز

2 دانشیار گروه علوم و مهندسی خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز

3 استاد گروه به‌نژادی و بیوتکنولوژی گیاهی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز

4 عضو هیئت علمی مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی استان آذربایجان شرقی

چکیده

برای بررسی اثر متقابل کادمیم و روی بر رشد و ترکیب شیمیایی کلزا،  آزمایش گلخانه‌ای به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با دو فاکتور کادمیم در هشت سطح (صفر، 5/0، 5/2، 5، 10، 20، 40 و mg kg-180) و روی در هشت سطح (صفر، 5، 25، 50، 100، 200، 400 و mg kg-1800)، با سه تکرار در یک خاک شن لومی اجرا شد. بعد از 60 روز، وزن خشک بخش‌هوایی و ریشه و غلظت‌های کادمیم، روی، آهن، منگنز و مس در این دو بخش اندازه‌گیری شدند. نتایج نشان داد که در سطوح 5/0 و mg Cd kg-1 5/2، کلیه سطوح روی باعث افزایش وزن خشک بخش‌هوایی و ریشه گردیدند، ولی در سطوح بالاتر کادمیم، کاربرد 5 و mg Zn kg-1 25 باعث افزایش این صفات شده و کاربرد سطوح بالاتر روی، کاهش وزن خشک بخش‌هوایی و ریشه را به دنبال داشت. همچنین، در سطوح تا mg Cd kg-1 5، حتی کاربردmg Zn kg-1 50 کاهش غلظت کادمیم بخش‌هوایی را در مقایسه با شاهد سبب شد، در حالی که در سطوح بالاتر کادمیم، این کاهش فقط با کاربردmg Zn kg-1 5 حاصل گردید. افزایش سطح کادمیم در هر سطح کاربرد روی باعث کاهش غلظت روی بخش‌هوایی گردید. مصرف روی در هر سطح کادمیم، ابتدا باعث افزایش و سپس باعث کاهش غلظت آهن بخش‌هوایی و ریشه شد. کاربرد روی در هر سطح کادمیم باعث افزایش غلظت منگنز بخش‌هوایی و کاهش غلظت منگنز ریشه گردید. همچنین، کاربرد روی در هر سطح کادمیم سبب کاهش غلظت مس در هر دو بخش‌هوایی و ریشه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Interaction Effects of Zinc and Cadmium on Growth and Chemical Composition of Canola (Brassica napus cv. Hyola) in a Loamy Sand Soil

نویسندگان [English]

  • S Sadeghi 1
  • SH Oustan 2
  • N Najafi 2
  • M Valizadeh 3
  • H Monirifar 4
چکیده [English]

To investigate the interaction effect of Cd and Zn on growth and chemical composition of canola, a factorial greenhouse experiment in a randomized complete block design with two factors including Cd at eight levels (0, 5.0, 5.2, 5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 mg kg-1 soil) and Zn at eight levels (0, 5, 25, 50, 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg kg-1 soil) with three replications was conducted in a loamy sand soil. After 60 days, the dry weights and concentrations of Cd, Zn, Fe, Mn and Cu in shoots and roots were determined. At levels of 2.5 and 0.5 mg Cd per kg of soil, all levels of Zn increased shoot and root dry weights. At higher levels of Cd, applications of 5 and 25 mg Zn per kg of soil increased the shoot and root dry weights, but at higher levels of Zn, a decrease in these parts was observed. Moreover, at levels up to 5 mg Cd kg-1, application of Zn even at level of 25 mg Zn kg-1decreased Cd concentration in shoots in comparison with control. However, at higher levels of Cd, this decrease was achieved only at 5 mg Zn kg-1. Increasing the level of Cd at any level of Zn decreased the Zn concentration in shoots. Application of Zn at each level of Cd, first increased and then decreased the concentration of iron in shoots and roots. Zn supplementation at each level of Cd increased concentration of Mn in shoots and decreased its concentration in roots. In addition, Zn application at each level of Cd decreased the concentration of Cu in both shoots and roots.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cadmium
  • Canola
  • Interaction effect
  • Shoot and root dry weights
  • Zinc
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