عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The effect of dynamic vertical impinging jet on the static and dynamic scour depth is investigated in plunge pool bed, concerning the laboratory model. Experiments are conducted by changing jet installation height and a variety of grain size distribution. The basic scenarios are implemented with different nozzle elevation i.e. 24, 35.5, and 44 cm from the surface of alluvial bed. Then, the sub scenarios are developed by changing the grain size of alluvial bed with average diameters of 4.06, 7.14, and 8.73 mm and the output velocity of flow, with a variation range of 2.04 to 10.36 m s-1. Toward this end, concerning laboratory observations, various types of scour hole are classified based on the formation of the hole and the pressure factor of the jet. The results in adition to present an innovative classification of dynamic scour holes led to introduce an equation for estimating the relative difference of dynamic and static scour depths. A non-dimensional equation was presented as a simple and precise equation which would be recommended for estimation of the relative difference of dynamic and static scour depths (dd-ds)/hj. The relation had the correlation coefficient and root mean square error values of 0.72 and 0.096, respectively.