تأثیر کاربرد تلفیقی ورمی کمپوست و باکتریهای محرک رشد بر شاخص های رشد و جذب عناصر غذایی گیاهچه های کنجد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد علوم خاک، دانشگاه ولیعصر رفسنجان

2 دانشیار گروه علوم خاک، دانشگاه ولیعصر رفسنجان

3 استادیار گروه علوم خاک، دانشگاه ولیعصر رفسنجان

4 دانشیار گروه زراعت، دانشگاه ولیعصر رفسنجان

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Combined Application of Vermicompost and PGPRs on Growth Parameters and Nutrient Uptake of Sesame Seedling (Sesamum indicum L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • P Sotoodeh 1
  • AR Akhgar 2
  • P Abbaszadeh 3
  • A Rahimi 4
چکیده [English]

Soil fertility management through use of organic and biological fertilizers is a crucial
component of sustainable agriculture. A greenhouse experiment was carried out to investigate the
effect of vermicompost and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on the growth and
nutrient uptake of sesame seedlings. This experiment was conducted in factorial based on
completely randomized design with four replications. Experiment factors included four levels of
(zero (V0), 1 (V1), 2 (V2) and 4 percent (V3)) and five bacterial levels (without bacteria (B0),
inoculation with an isolate from fluorescent pseudomonads group, having ability to dissolve
inorganic phosphate (B1), Azospirillum sp. (B2) and Azotobacter sp. (B3) with ability to fix
nitrogen, and a mixture of three bacteria (B4). The results showed that the main effects of
vermicompost and PGPR significantly enhanced the leaf area, stem diameter and chlorophyll index
in comparision to the control. Also, the combined application of vermicompost and PGPR
significantly increased the shoot dry weight, plant height, number of leaves and nitrogen,
phosphorus, iron, manganese, zinc and copper uptake in sesame seedling (P<0.01). The maximum
shoot dry weight, number of leaves and nitrogen, iron, manganese, copper and zinc contents were
obtained in the treatment containing Azospirillium isolate using 4% of vermicompost. This
trearment enhanced the shoot dry weight from 0.148 to 3.49 mg kg-1and the shoot nitrogen content
from 1.96 to 96.8 mg pot-1. The highest phosphorus uptake was observed in the treatment with
application of 4% vermicompost and Pseudomonas isolate. This trearment increased the shoot
phosphorus content from 0.76 to 12.8 mg pot-1.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Azospirillum sp
  • Azotobacter sp
  • Pseudomonas sp
  • Sesame
  • Vermicompost
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