عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Intakes are applied to divert water for agricultural, urban and industrial uses and to produce
electricity. Vortices may occur at intakes in the case of insufficient submergence. In order to
prevent the occurrence of vortices and air entrainment in intakes, an adequate submergence is
required. In this study, flow characteristics at intake system of Aydoghmush Dam were investigated
at different hydraulic conditions using finite volume numerical method through FLUENT model.
Results were compared with the physical model measurements. Intake system of Aydoghmush Dam
consists of an intake tower which is 40 meters high. There are four intake levels in the tower. Flow
characteristics in four cases (i.e. gates No.1 to No.4 at opening states) were investigated.
Piezometric heads and velocity values were computed using FLUENT model. Minimum, maximum
and average RMSE of piezometric head were 0.13m, 2.42m and 0.67m, respectively. Critical
submergence through Knauss criterion for gates No.1 to No.4 at opening states was 3.96 meters in
the normal condition. The results from both physical and FLUENT model indicated that the critical
submergence would depend on hydraulic conditions in intake structure