Alexandrovskiy AL, 2007. Rates of soil-forming processes in three main models of pedogenesis. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas 24(2): 283-292.
Anonymous, 2016. Meteorological statistics of the Khoy synoptic station. I.R. of Iran Metrological Organization. Department of Meteorology of West Azarbaijan province. (In Persian)
Anonymous, 2014. Keys to Soil Taxonomy (12th ed.). United States Department of Agriculture, Naturaral Resources Conservation Service, Soil Survey Staff, Washington, DC.
Anonymous, 2008. Laboratory analysis Instructions of water and soil samples. Soil and Water Research Institute. No. 467. Ministry of Agriculture, Iran. (In Persian)
Anonymous, 2005. Geological Map of Iran 1:100000, Sheet 4967. Geological Survey and Mineral Explorations of Iran. Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade. (In Persian)
Banaei MH, 1998. Soil Moisture and Temperature Regime Map of Iran. Soil and Water Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Iran. (In Persian)
Birkeland PW, 1991. Soil and Geomorphology. Pub: Oxford University, New York.
Bullock P, Fedoroff N, Jongerius A, Stoops G and Tursina T, 1985. Handbook for Thin Section Description. Waine Research, England.
Buol SW, Southard RJ, Graham RC and McDaniel PA, 2011. Soil Genesis and Classification. Wiley, Oxford, UK.
Fisher WL, Mc Gowen JH, Brown LF and Groat GG, 1972. Environmental Geologic Atlas of the Texas Coastal Zone-Galveston-Houston Area. Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas, Austin, U.S.A.
Follmer LR. 1998. A Scale for judging degree of soil and paleosol development. Quaternary International 51-52: 12-13.
Ghafarpour A, 2012. Comparison of the degree of evolution and characteristics of modern soils with old clay soils under different climatic conditions in Golestan Province. MSc Thesis, Gorhan Agriculture Science and Natural Resources University. (In Persian)
Ghergherechi SH, Khormali F, Mohammadi SH and Ayobi SH, 2007. Micromorphological study of the development of the argilic horizon of alfisols in Southwest of Golestan Province. Pp. 204-205. 10th Soil Science Congress of Iran
Harden JW, 1982. A Quantitative index of soil development from field description: examples from a Chronosequence in Central California. Geoderma 28: 1-28.
Harden JW and Taylor EM, 1983. A quantitative comparison of soil development in four climatic regimes. Quaternary Research 20: 342-359.
Haugland JE and Owen Haugland BS, 2008. Cryogenic disturbance and pedogenic lag effects as determined by the profile developmental index: The Styggedalsbreen Glacier Chronosequence, Norway. Geomorphology 96(1): 212-220.
Karimi A, Khademi H and Jalali A, 2008. Identification of loess soils and their separation from other soils in south of Mashhad. Journal Sciences and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources 44 (12): 185- 200. (In Persian)
Kemp RA, Toms PS, Sayago JM, Derbyshire E, King M and Wagoner L. 2003. Micromorphology and OSL dating of the basal part of the loess-paleosol sequence at La Mesada in Tucuman province, North-west Argentina. Quaternary International (106-107): 111-117.
Khormali F, Abtahi A, Mahmoodi Sh and Stoops G, 2003. Argillic horizon development in calcareous soils of arid and semiarid regions of southern Iran. Catena 53(3): 273-301.
Khormali F, Abtahi A and Stoops G, 2006. Micromorphology of calcitic features in highly calcareous soils of Fars Province, Southern Iran. Geoderma 132: 31-46.
Khormali F, and Kehl M, 2011. Micromorphology and development of loess-derived surface and buried soils along a precipitation gradient in Northern Iran. Quaternary International 234: 109-123.
Liaghat M and Khormali F, 2011. Micromorphology of development of some loess-derived soils of western Golestan province along a climo-topo-biosequence. Jornal Water and Soil Conservation 18(1): 100-125. (In Persian)
Magaldi D and Tallini M, 2000. A Micromorphological index of soil development for the quaternary geology research. Catena 41(4): 261-276.
Montakhabi Kalajahi V, Jafarzadeh AA, Rezaei H, 2017. Comparsion of different soils evolution based on argillic horizon development. Journal of Water and Soil Conservation 27(1): 253-265. (In Persian)
Murphy CP, 1986. Thin section preparation of soils and sediments. A and B Academic, Berkhamsted, England.
Rezaei H, Jafarzadeh AA, Alijanpour A, Shahbazi F and Valizadeh Kamran Kh, 2016. Genetically evolution of Arasbaran forests soils along altitudinal transects of Kaleybar Chai Sofla Sub-Basin. Jornal of Water and Soil science. University of Tabriz. 26 (4/1): 151-166. (In Persian)
Rostad HPW and Arnaud RJSt, 1986. The Nature of Carbonates minerals in two Saskatchewan Soils. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 50: 65-70.
Schaetzl RJ and Mokma DL, 1998. A Numerical index of podzol and podzolic soil development. Physical Geography 9(3): 232-246.
Schaetzl RJ, and Anderson Sh, 2005. Soils: Genesis and Geomorphology. Pub: Cambridge University, Cambridge.
Schoeneberger PJ, Wysocki DA, Benham EC and Soil Survey Staff, 2012. Field Book for Describing and Sampling Soils, Version 3.0. Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Soil Survey Center, Lincoln, NE.
Shahriari A, Khormali F, Karimi AR, Lehndorff E, Tazikeh H. and Kehl M, 2015. Palaeopedological study of loess-palaeosol sequences along a climosequence in Northern Iran. Journal of water and soil conservation 22 (2): 21-39. (In Persian)
Stoops G, 2003. Guidelines for Analysis and Description of Soil and Regolith Thin Section. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Stoops G, Marcelino V and Mees F, 2010. Interpretation of Micromorphological Features of Soils and Regoliths. Elsevier’s Science and Technology, Oxford, UK.
Ziyaee A, Pashaei A, Khormali F and Roshani MR, 2013. Some physico-chemical, Clay Mineralogical and Micromorphological Characteristics of Loess-Paleosols Sequences Indicators of Climate Change in South of Gorgan. Journal of Water and Soil Conservation 20: 1-28. (In Persian)